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I received a Ph.D. in Evolutionary Biology from the University of Lisbon in 2007 and I am currently working in the team ‘Local Adaptation in Drosophila’ of the Evolutionary Ecology research group of cE3c under the supervision of Professor Margarida Matos. I am currently a Post-Doctoral researcher financed by “Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia”. My research focuses on the study of the genomic and trancriptomic changes during adaptation to new environments and on the repeatability of adaptive patterns. My research approach uses Drosophila as a model organism to address real-time evolution processes during adaptation to a new environment (i.e. the laboratory).
My current research is driven by three overarching objectives: 1) Understanding the genomic and transcriptomic changes during adaptation to new environments; 2) Addressing the role of History and Selection and the impact of such forces on the repeatability of Adaptive Evolution at both the phenotypic and genomic levels; 3) Understanding the evolutionary mechanisms underlying clinal variation, namely of chromosomal inversions.
My ongoing project, pursued in the Margarida Matos laboratory, involves the analysis of evolutionary changes of Drosophila subobscura populations founded from contrasting latitudes of the European cline. A wide range of traits is being analysed namely: phenotypic traits (life-histories, morphological, physiological), chromosomal inversions, as well as genomic and transcriptomic patterns during laboratory adaptation.
I currently collaborate with several colleagues working on Population and Evolutionary Genetics, Evolutionary Ecology and Experimental Evolution: in particular Mauro Santos (Univ. Autonoma Barcelona), Marta Pascual (Univ Barcelona) and Anthony Long (Univ California Irvine). These collaborations have resulted in several publications throughout the years.
In the near future my main research focus will be on thermal adaptation. I now lead a recently awarded FCT research project, ADAPTCLIMWARM, that will study the real-time evolution of historically differentiated Drosophila subobscura populations under increasingly warmer environments
Simões, P., Fragata, I., Santos, J., Santos, M. A., Santos, M., Rose, M. R. & Matos, M. (2019) How phenotypic convergence arises in experimental evolution.Evolution, Online early, . DOI:10.1111/evo.13806 (IF2018 3,573; Q1 Evolutionary Biology)
Simões, P. & Pascual, M. (2018) Patterns of geographic variation of thermal adapted candidate genes in Drosophila subobscura sex chromosome arrangements.BMC Evolutionary Biology, 18(60), 1-12. DOI:10.1186/s12862-018-1178-1 (IF2018 3,045; Q2 Evolutionary Biology)
Fragata, I., Simôes, P., Szathmáry, E., Matos, M. & Santos, M. (2018) Playing evolution in the laboratory: From the first major evolutionary transition to global warming.EPL, 122(3), 38001. DOI:10.1209/0295-5075/122/38001 (IF2018 1,886; Q2 Physics, Multidisciplinary)
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