The importance of “one health approach” to the AMR study and surveillance in Angola and other African countries

  • Articles in SCI Journals
  • Feb, 2024

Costa, R.C., Serrano, I., Chambel, L. & Oliveira, M. (2024) The importance of “one health approach” to the AMR study and surveillance in Angola and other African countries.

One Health, 18, 100691. DOI:10.1016/j.onehlt.2024.100691 (IF2022 5,0; Q1 Public, Environmental and Occupacional Health)

The dissemination of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacterial isolates in low- and middle-income countries, including several African countries, is a major concern. The poor sanitary conditions of rural and urban families observed in certain regions may favor the transmission of bacterial infections between animals and humans, including those promoted by strains resistant to practically all available antibiotics. In Angola, in particular, the presence of these strains in human hospitals has already been described. Nevertheless, the information on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) prevalence in Angola is still scarce, especially regarding veterinary isolates.

This review aimed to synthesize data on antimicrobial resistance in African countries, with a special focus on Angola, from a One Health perspective. The main goals were to identify research gaps that may require further analysis, and to draw attention to the importance of the conscious use of antimicrobials and the establishment of preventive strategies, aiming to guarantee the safeguarding of public health. To understand these issues, the available literature on AMR in Africa was reviewed. We searched PubMed for articles pertinent to AMR in relevant pathogens in Angola and other African countries. In this review, we focused on AMR rates and surveillance capacity.

The principal findings were that, in Africa, especially in sub-Saharan countries, AMR incidence is high due to the lack of legislation on antibiotics, to the close interaction of humans with animals and the environment, and to poverty. The information about current resistance patterns of common pathogenic bacteria is sparse, and the number of quality studies is limited in Angola and in some other Sub-Saharan African countries. Also, studies on the “One Health Approach” focusing on the environment, animals, and humans, are scarce in Africa. The surveillance capacity is minimal, and only a low number of AMR surveillance programs and national health programs are implemented. Most international and cooperative surveillance programs, when implemented, are not properly followed, concluded, nor reported. In Angola, the national health plan does not include AMR control, and there is a consistent omission of data submitted to international surveillance programs. By identifying One Health strengths of each country, AMR can be controlled with a multisectoral approach and governmental commitment.


  • The importance of “one health approach” to the AMR study and surveillance in Angola and other African countries Manuela Oliveira Development and Evolutionary Morphogenesis - DEM