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Conservation in Socio-Ecological Systems - CSES
Carnivore Conservation Ecology

Joana Gomes Pereira

PhD Student

I am conducting a Ph.D. in Biology and Ecology of Global Change (BEGC) by the University of Lisbon starting in 2018 within the Carnivore Conservation Ecology Subgroup of the Conservation in Socio-Ecological Systems (CSES) research group of cE3c. I am conducting the project Human-wildlife interactions and livelihood vulnerability in the context of conservation in Mozambique, under the supervision of Luís Miguel Rosalino, from department of Animal Biology at Lisbon University, Maria João Santos from Zurich University, and Carlos Fonseca from department of Biology at Aveiro University.

The general objective of my project is to investigate the interactions between rural livelihoods, protected areas, and human-wildlife interactions in Mozambique. Two main conceptual frameworks underpinned my research: i) the Livelihood Vulnerability, which looks at the multidimensionality of livelihoods, which I used to assess whether households are impacted by HWI and in turn influence vulnerability and its dimensions; and ii) Social-Ecological Systems (SES) framework that I used to focus on the social-ecological relationships between PAs and their surrounding landscapes, and on the interactions between people’s vulnerability and livelihoods, management institutions, rules and norms that mediate how humans interact with the environment, and wildlife.

During my Ph.D. I proposed to answer four main research questions:

  1. Can HWI promote vulnerability of rural communities in protected areas?
  2. How does vulnerability to HWI vary with the social-ecological context of PAs?
  3. Does vulnerability mediate the relationship between HWC and drivers of HWC at larger spatial scales?
  4. What is the role of local communities in the social network of protected area management?


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