Acacia longifolia: a host of many guests even after fire

  • Articles in SCI Journals
  • Dec, 2020

Jesus, J.G., Tenreiro, R., Máguas, C. & Trindade, H. (2020) Acacia longifolia: a host of many guests even after fire.

Diversity, 12(6), 1-15. DOI:10.3390/d12060250 (IF2020 2,465; Q3 Ecology)

Acacia longifolia is a worldwide invader that cause damage in ecosystems, expanding largely after wildfires, which promote germination of a massive seed bank. As a legume, symbiosis is determinant for adaptation. Our study aims to isolate a wider consortium of bacteria harboured in nodules, including both nitrogen and non-nitrogen fixers. Furthermore, we aim to evaluate the effects of fire in nodulation and bacterial diversity on young acacias growing in unburnt and burnt zones, one year after the fire. For this, we used molecular approaches, M13 fingerprinting and 16S rRNA partial sequencing, to identify species/genera involved and δ15N isotopic composition in leaves and plant nodules. Nitrogen isotopic analyses in leaves suggest that in unburnt zones, nitrogen fixation contributes more to plant nitrogen content. Overall, A. longifolia seems to be promiscuous and despite Bradyrhizobium spp. dominance, Paraburkholderia spp. followed by Pseudomonas spp. was also found. Several species not previously reported as nitrogen-fixers were identified, proposing other functions besides ammonia acquisition. Our study shows that bacterial communities are different in nodules after fire. Fire seems to potentiate nodulation and drives symbiosis towards nitrogen-fixers. Taken together, a multifunctional community inside nodules is pointed out which potentiate A. longifolia invasiveness and adaptation.


  • Acacia longifolia: a host of many guests even after fire Cristina Maria Filipe Máguas Silva Hanson Environmental Stress & Functional Ecology - ESFE
  • Acacia longifolia: a host of many guests even after fire Joana Guedes de Jesus