Seabra, S.G., Bras, P.G., Martins, J., Martins, R., Wyatt, N., Shirazi, J., Rebelo, M.T., Franco, J.C., Mateus, C., Figueiredo, E. & Paulo, O.S. (2015) Phylogeographical patterns in Coenosia attenuata (Diptera: Muscidae): a widespread predator of insect species associated with greenhouse crops.Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 114(2), 308-326. DOI:10.1111/bij.12419 (IF2015 1,984; Q3 Evolutionary Biology)
The tiger-fly Coenosia attenuata is a globally widespread predatory fly which is not only associated with greenhouse crops, but also occurs in open fields. It is a potential control agent against some of the more common pests in these crops. Assessing the genetic structure and gene flow patterns may be important for planning crop protection strategies and for understanding the historical processes that led to the present distribution of genetic lineages within this species. In the present study, the phylogeographical patterns of this species, based on mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I and nuclear white and elongation factor-1α genes, are described, revealing relatively low genetic diversity and weak genetic structure associated with a recent and sudden population expansion of the species. The geographical distribution of mitochondrial haplotypes indicates the Mediterranean as the most likely region of origin of the species. Some dispersal patterns of the species are also revaled, including at least three independent colonizations of North and South America: one from Middle East to North America with a strong bottleneck event, another from Europe to South America (Chile), with both likely to be a result of unintentional introduction, and a third one of still undetermined origin to South America (Ecuador).